Attila Nagy
Jena Centre for Reconciliation Studies, Jena, Germany

The implementation of both The Brussels and Washington Agreements is coming as a challenge for the respective Serbian and Kosovo governments, but for the EU as well. The very complex legal and administrative solutions are posing a threat regarding the time dimension of their application, where such core agreed elements as the Association/Community of Serbian municipalities have still not been formed. Also, the comparative environment of applying such measures is challenging in the environment of the Western Balkan countries and their potential EU path. Additionally, the agreements are posing another challenge as their application would not be welcome in such a form like in Kosovo regarding their conflict resolution capacity elsewhere. Overall, the agreed constructions and their limitation only to Kosovo will break this line and through various means find a way to other post-conflict communities, ignoring both the EU and USA enforcement mechanism or their shortcomings here or elsewhere. The only partial implementation of the Brussels Agreement is challenging the EU authority in Kosovo and the wider region. Additionally, the broad and somehow unclear requirements of the Washington Agreement are challenging the future role and interest of USA in Kosovo and wider, in this case not just locally or regionally but globally.

Keywords: Brussels Agreement, Washington Agreement, Serbia-Kosovo relationship, post-conflict development, Open Balkan initiative.

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